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Drywall, also known as plasterboard or gypsum board, is a common material used in the construction of interior walls and ceilings. It is popular due to its affordability, ease of installation, and adaptability. However, despite its many advantages, drywall can be susceptible to damage.

Today, we will outline the top causes of drywall damage and what you can do to prevent and repair such damage:

1. Moisture and Water Damage

One of the most common causes of drywall damage is moisture and water exposure. Drywall is made from gypsum, which is a naturally porous material. This means that it can absorb water and become damaged if exposed to moisture for an extended period. Common sources of moisture and water damage include plumbing leaks, roof leaks, and flooding.

Prevention: To prevent moisture-related drywall damage, address any water leaks promptly, ensure proper ventilation in high-moisture areas such as bathrooms and kitchens, and use moisture-resistant drywall in areas prone to dampness.

Repair: Water-damaged drywall may exhibit signs such as discoloration, swelling, or softness. Depending on the extent of the damage, you may need to cut out and replace the affected section or, in severe cases, replace the entire drywall panel.

2. Cracks from Settling

Over time, a building’s foundation can settle, leading to shifts in the structure. These shifts can cause the drywall to crack as it is unable to flex with the movement. Cracks typically appear along corners, joints, or near door and window frames.

Prevention: While it is difficult to prevent the foundation from settling entirely, you can minimize the risk by ensuring proper drainage around your home, maintaining a consistent moisture level in the soil, and addressing any signs of foundation issues early on.

Repair: Small or hairline cracks can often be repaired using a joint compound, while larger cracks may require the use of tape and compound or even the installation of a control joint to accommodate movement.

3. Physical Impact Damage

Drywall can be damaged by direct physical impacts, such as accidental holes from door knobs, furniture, or even playful children. These types of damage can range from small dents to large holes.

Prevention: To prevent physical impact damage to your drywall, consider installing doorstops, using furniture pads, and reminding family members to be cautious when moving items around the home.

Repair: Small dents and holes can usually be repaired using a patching compound, while larger holes may require the use of a drywall patch or even the replacement of the damaged section.

4. Poor Installation

Poor installation can lead to various types of drywall damage, including cracks, nail pops, and seam issues. Problems can arise if the drywall sheets are not properly aligned, fastened, or finished.

Prevention: The best way to prevent drywall damage due to poor installation is to hire a reputable professional or ensure that you follow proper installation techniques if completing a DIY project.

Repair: The appropriate repair method will depend on the specific issue at hand. However, common repairs include re-fastening loose sections, using joint compounds to fill gaps or cracks, and sanding and repainting to improve the overall appearance.

5. Pest Damage

Finally, pests such as rodents and insects can cause damage to your drywall by chewing or tunneling through the material. This can result in unsightly holes, weakened structural integrity, and even potential health hazards.

Prevention: Keep your home free of pests by sealing any potential entry points, maintaining a clean living environment, and addressing any pest-related issues promptly.

Repair: Depending on the extent of the damage, you may be able to patch small holes using a patching compound. However, larger areas of damage may require the replacement of the affected drywall section.


By understanding the common causes of drywall damage, you can take steps to prevent such issues and maintain the integrity of your home’s walls and ceilings. If you do encounter drywall damage, promptly addressing the problem and completing the appropriate repairs will help to keep your home looking its best and prevent further issues down the line.

Patch Doctors Drywall is the number one drywall and remodeling services provider in the El Paso County area. If you are looking for a drywall repair service, work with us today!